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What is a Hawaiian Subject?
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Hawaii was built up of many racial ethnic extractions or heritage, but they all came under one nationality, called a Hawaiian subject.
Race was not an issue in the Hawaiian Kingdom. As far as native Hawaiian, which is a race, they were included in the laws and protected by the laws. Terms such as "reserving the rights of native tenants." These are very clear examples of native tenant rights being secured within the framework of Hawaiian Kingdom law.
But the Hawaiian Kingdom was a country of laws. It was not a country of races. It included many races, but also many nationalities that were part of the Hawaiian Kingdom but were all subject to those laws of the Kingdom.
Nationality derives from what nation are you from. It's your citizenship. Another term for nationality is your political status. Race is not nationality. It's not a political status. Race is your ethnicity.
As for myself, my ethnicity would be native Hawaiian, or Kanaka Maoli, English, Irish and Chinese. But my nationality would be a Hawaiian subject. A Hawaiian subject is a nationality. It is the nationality of the nation called the Hawaiian Kingdom.
Now for those who applied through naturalization, well naturalization requires you to relinquish your former citizenship and then take on the Hawaiian subject status.
A Hawaiian subject is someone that has the political status of being a Hawaiian national. And it's not limited to the native race or the aboriginal blood.
We have two examples here and they are Asa Thurston, who was naturalized in 1849, May 30, and he was from Massachusetts. This is the predecessor to a very famous person today named Thurston Twigg Smith. Now this person, Asa Thurston, which is Thurston Twigg Smith's predecessor, was naturalized as a Hawaiian subject. He was formerly an American citizen.
We also have another example here of another very interesting person, and this is William Harrison Rice. He is from the state of New York and he was naturalized on July 16, 1849. Now this is the predecessor of Freddy Rice, which is that person suing OHA in the Supreme Court of the United States.
Now the issue here is, if annexation did not happen, and there is no proof of naturalization of any of these individual's descendants to be Americans again, then their descendants today are still Hawaiian subjects, as their predecessors were in the Kingdom era.
In the Hawaiian Kingdom, Hawaiian subjects varied in many different racial backgrounds or ethnicities.
Here is a person named Jose Duenas who was from Guam. And he was naturalized in 1868, November 13.
And this person's name is Ah Kui. Ah Kui is a very famous name today. We have a radio broadcaster on KCCN named Keaumiki Akui.
Well Ah Kui here comes from China. And he was residing in Wailuku, Maui. Well, Ah Kui applied for naturalization and he was granted naturalization in 1869, January 25. Which means that their descendants are also Hawaiian subjects until they get naturalized to another country.
And it also shows that Hawaii was a country of laws and nationality and not necessarily a specific race.